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"SWITZERLAND"

Letter from Frank Emspak to MLK

Wednesday, November 3, 1965
Wisconsin (WI), VIETNAM, Washington, D.C., Atlanta, GA

Frank Emspak, of the National Coordinating Committee to End the War in Vietnam, invites Dr. King to a convention to speak about his antiwar and pacifism sentiments.

Telegram from Mrs. Ernest Bavely to MLK

Wednesday, October 19, 1960
Atlanta, GA, Cincinnati, OH

Mrs. Bavely sends a supportive telegram to Dr. King during his confinement at the Fulton County Jail. She assures him "children of tomorrow, tomorrow, and tomorrow, will inherit those values for which you are striving."

Draft Letter from MLK to Mr. Makola

VIETNAM, SOUTH AFRICA

Dr. King thanks Mr. Makola for reminding him of the "injustices and inequalities" Negroes face both in the United States and South Africa. Dr. King asserts that the issues Negroes face are symptoms of a deeper issue involving foreign policy and that his current focus is on the Vietnam War.

Operation Breadbasket Sends Telegram Regarding Employment Discrimination

Friday, November 10, 1967
Atlanta, GA, Georgia (GA)

Representatives of SCLC's Operation Breadbasket address the discriminatory employment practices of the Atlanta Metropolitan Area Civil Defense Council.

Letter from Leslie Orear to MLK

Wednesday, March 22, 1967
Illinois (IL), Chicago, IL, Georgia (GA), Atlanta, GA

Leslie Orear requests Dr. King's assistance with judging the eight candidates for the Russell Bull Scholarship.

Telegram from MLK and Mrs. King to Dr. Benjamin E. Mays

Atlanta, GA, SWITZERLAND, Georgia (GA), Geneva, Switzerland

Dr. and Mrs. King commend Dr. Benjamin E. Mays for all he has accomplished during his twenty-seven years as President of Morehouse College.

Letter from MLK to Madame Bremond

Wednesday, April 20, 1966
FRANCE

Dr. King writes Madame Bremond to send his heartfelt thanks regarding his visit to Lyons, France. The Reverend follows with expressing his appreciation for Bremond's hospitality and wonderful reception.

Letter from A. J. de Witte to Roy Wilkins

Sunday, April 23, 1967
New York, NY, Illinois (IL), VIETNAM

A. J. de Witte writes Roy Wilkins condemning him for scolding Dr. King's outspoken dissatisfaction with the war in Vietnam. Witte explains the importance of civil rights leaders engaging in the discussion surrounding the war.

Telegram from Philip Lenud to MLK

Sunday, December 18, 1966
New York, NY

Mr. Philip Lenud sent this 1966 Western Union telegram to Dr. King regarding a communication matter with Andrew Young.

Invitation from the Ambassador of Ethiopia to MLK

ETHIOPIA

The Ambassador of Ethiopia extends an invitation for Dr. King to attend a reception honoring Haile Selassie I, the Emperor of Ethiopia.

A Tough Mind and A Tender Heart

This outline to Dr. King's sermon "A Tough Mind and a Tender Heart" focuses on the premise that being a tough minded individual involves making critical decisions. The sermon emphasizes that those who possess a soft mind tend to be gullible and strictly follow the status quo. According to Dr. King, "We must come to the realization that life demands a tough mind."

Telegram from the New York Chapter of Americans for Democratic Action to MLK

Monday, September 22, 1958
New York, NY, New York (NY)

The New York Chapter of Americans for Democratic Action wishes Dr. King well in his recovery.

A New South A-Coming

Alabama (AL), GEORGIA, South Carolina (SC), Tennessee (TN)

This pamphlet discusses the courageous stand of African American high school students against racial discrimination in the South. The efforts demonstrated by these young people to bring about change of many undemocratic practices were significantly noted in Negro history.

Affidavit of Captain G.V. Evans

Wednesday, April 10, 1963
Alabama (AL), Birmingham, AL

G.V. Evans, a captain in the Police Department of the City of Birmingham, confirms a series of sit-ins and marches that took place in Birmingham. The nonviolent actions, called Project C, was headed by Wyatt Tee Walker. Captain Evans believes that this conduct will result in serious injury to the police department and the demonstrators.

Letter from Reverend Robert Jacoby to MLK

Monday, June 17, 1963
New Jersey (NJ)

Reverend Robert Jacoby informs Dr. King that his Letter From Birmingham Jail was used in the Sunday worship service sermon.

SCLC's Interest in the Chicago Education System

Chicago, IL, Birmingham, AL, Illinois (IL), Alabama (AL), UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

The Southern Christian Leadership Conference initiates improvement for Chicago's education system by making recommendations. It is believed that the inadequacies of education are not only a southern issue, but a national occurrence.

Letter from Martha Williams to MLK

Wednesday, March 31, 1965
Alabama (AL), Chicago, IL, Atlanta, GA, Selma, AL, Montgomery, AL

Martha Williams, who serves as the Acting Secretary of "The Zippers," a Chicago-based social and charity club, forwards a donation to the SCLC. She discusses the recent march from Selma to Montgomery when Alabama guardsmen respectfully removed their helmets during a prayer at the culminating rally. Williams extends a special prayer of protection for Dr. King and civil rights workers.

MLK Cited in Damage Suit

Sunday, September 10, 1967
Atlanta, GA

The New York Times reports that Dr. King is one of the defendants in a $15 Million law suit.

SCLC's Eighth Annual Convention Resolution

Friday, October 2, 1964
Georgia (GA)

This SCLC Resolution for the 8th Annual Convention, outlines the plan to encourage churchmen across the country to vote in the light of religious faith and conviction.

Letter from Vice President Johnson to MLK

Friday, April 27, 1962
Washington, D.C.

Lyndon B. Johnson invites Dr. King to a conference to hear a progress report on the work of the President's Committee for Equal Employment.

Workers Defense League Board Meeting Announcement

New York, NY

This is an invitation to the annual national executive board meeting of the Workers Defense League in New York City. The agenda is to discuss civil rights, how to defend the rights of conscientious objectors, workers and welfare recipients, political asylum, and other topics.

Dr. King cites Albert C. Knudson.

Dr. King cites Albert C. Knudson's Doctrine of Redemption as a source for Henri Bergson's view of free will.

Letter from Mrs. H.S. Johnson to Golden Frinks

Friday, January 19, 1968
North Carolina (NC)

In this letter Mrs. H.S. Johnson informs Mr. Golden Frinks of an enclosed letter forwarded from Mr. Richard Williamston of North Carolina.

Letter from John Moody

Thursday, February 22, 1968
New Orleans, LA, Washington, D.C., California (CA), Maryland (MD)

Mr. Moody discusses his hopes of creating an event that will demonstrate the phenomenon of Harumbe, with hopes of it becoming a National holiday. The proposed name of this day is "Harumbe", a Swahili term meaning Let's Get Together. Moody suggests May 19, the birthday of Malcolm X, as the date for this event to occur. Additionally, Moody provides an outline for the festivities, and requests that Dr. King contribute his suggestions after reviewing the proposal.

Nonviolence: The Only Road to Freedom

Los Angeles, CA, California (CA), New York (NY), New York, NY, GHANA, ZAMBIA, ZIMBABWE, SOUTH AFRICA, TANZANIA, NIGERIA, ANGOLA, Alabama (AL), Montgomery, AL, INDIA, Georgia (GA)

In this article, Dr. King argues that the American Negro's salvation will be reached by "rejecting the racism, materialism and violence that has characterized Western civilization" and working instead toward a world of brotherhood and cooperation. The civil rights leader denounces recent violent uprisings in urban ghettos, as they only contribute to the growing frustrations and issues perpetuating America's racial divide.

Letter from Claude Leman to MLK

Friday, August 27, 1965
CANADA

Claude Leman, Chairman of the University Model United Nations, invites Dr. King to speak at a Model United Nations Seminar in Montreal, Canada.

Letter from Miss McDonald to Mr. Virginia M. Burke

Tuesday, May 10, 1966
Milwaukee, WI

Miss McDonald writes to Mr. Burke of the University of Wisconsin granting permission to quote Dr. King's historical "I Have a Dream" speech.

Faith

Dr. King quotes William James' "The Sentiment of Rationality" on faith.

Views of Senator Barry Goldwater

San Francisco, CA, New York (NY), California (CA)

This document depicts brief summaries of Senator Goldwater's sentiments regarding civil rights, social welfare, education, right-wing extremism, disarmament and peace.

United States Department of State Reprint of Vice President Nixon Speech

Thursday, December 6, 1956
New York, NY, Washington, D.C.

This document contains the text of an address made by Vice President Nixon before the Automobile Manufacturers Association in New York.