The Archive

Digital Archive brought to you
by JPMorgan Chase & Co.

Nkrumah, Kwame

b. 1909 - d. 1972

Kwame Nkrumah, the first prime minister of the British Gold Coast and later president of Ghana, earned two bachelor’s degrees from Lincoln University and two master’s degrees from the University of Pennsylvania. He became involved in the Pan African movement and was a leader in the struggle against British colonialism. Pursuing self-government through a strategy of “positive action,” Nkrumah and his Convention People’s Party won Ghana’s first general election in 1951 and independence in 1957. Dr. and Mrs. King attended Ghana’s independence ceremony at Nkrumah’s invitation. King praised Nkrumah’s nonviolent approach and, thereafter, emphasized the parallels between Ghana’s independence struggle and the Civil Rights Movement. Nkrumah encountered difficulties in nation building as well as economic and tribal problems and was ousted in a military-police coup in 1966.

Associated Archive Content : 4 results

Esquire Magazine: The Red Chinese American Negro

This segment of Esquire Magazine features an article discussing the militant activities of Robert F. Williams. Williams had returned home from military service and headed the Monroe, North Carolina branch of the NAACP. Frustrated by the inactivity of local legislation to reform segregation and aggravated by Klu Klux Klan attacks, Williams adopted more violent methodologies. The article also emphasizes his association with Chinese leader Mao Tse-tung and discusses Tse-tung's solidarity with racial goodwill policies.

Letter from Geo. Roosevelt Yancey to MLK

Rev. Yancey invites Dr. King to be the guest speaker at the Golden Anniversary of Gethsemane Baptist Church. Rev. Yancey expresses regret that Dr. King had been unable to accept a previous invitation because of the inauguration of President Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana.

The Birth of a New Nation

Dr. King compares the ongoing civil rights struggle in the United States to the Hebrews' Exodus from Egypt.

The Modern Negro Activist

Dr. King profiles the emergent young Negro civil rights activist who is college-educated, creative, brave and committed to the discipline of non-violence. He attributes the activist's diligence to a keen awareness that they inhabit a world on the cusp of positive social change and that they will have the privilege to direct that change. They are no longer to be an imitator of his white counterpart, but rather an initiator and leader in this new age.