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Lincoln, Abraham

b. 1809 - d. 1865

Abraham Lincoln, 16th U.S. president, was inaugurated shortly after seven southern states seceded from the nation. Under Lincoln’s leadership, the Union defeated the Confederacy, slavery was abolished and the country began reconstruction of the war-torn South. In 1863, President Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation, an executive order requiring the release of all slaves, and delivered the Gettysburg Address proclaiming that all men are created equal. While attending a play in April 1865, Lincoln was fatally shot by John Wilkes Booth. He died shortly thereafter, only five days after the Confederacy surrendered. The Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution, which Lincoln had long supported, outlawed slavery and involuntary servitude and was adopted after his death.

Associated Archive Content : 65 results

The Role of the Church

Dr. King expresses how ineffective the Emancipation Proclamation has truly been on the Civil Rights Movement.

The Strength of the Legacy

In this New York Herald Tribune article, Dr. King refers to the recent 1964 Presidential election as a decisive repudiation of segregation and extremism. He claims the election results honored the memory of President John F. Kennedy, assassinated a year earlier. Kennedy’s greatest contribution to human rights, King says, was his televised appeal to the American people on June 19, 1963 describing equal rights and equal opportunity as a moral issue as old as the scriptures and as clear as the Constitution.

To the Gallant Black Man Now Dead

This poem titled "To The Gallant Black Men Now Dead" was written by Vincent Harding in dedication to Jimmy L. Williams. Private First Class Williams was an heroic black man killed in Vietnam and was refused burial in his hometown of Wetumpka, Alabama.

Transformed Nonconformist

Dr. King discusses the importance of not conforming in a sermon at Ebenezer Baptist Church. Dr. King thoroughly discusses the hardships and the benefits that come with being a transformed non-conformist.

U.S. News & World Report: Negro Leaders Tell Their Plans for '64

Past, present and future efforts in the area of civil rights are discussed in interviews of five organizational leaders in the civil rights movement. These leaders are: Whitney M. Young, Jr. of the National Urban League, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. of the SCLC, Roy Wilkins of the NAACP, James L. Farmer of CORE, and James Forman of SNCC.