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Horton, Myles

b. 1905 - d. 1990

Myles Horton, educator and social activist, was a graduate of Union Theological Seminary, where he was deeply influenced by Reinhold Niebuhr and the concept of the social gospel. He co-founded the Highlander Folk School in Eastern Tennessee, a center for community education and empowerment steeped in the traditions of Appalachia. Horton taught union organizers in the 1930s and 1940s and civil rights activists in the 1950s and 1960s, including Rosa Parks and Dr. King. He helped unionize coal miners and Southern textile workers. After the State of Tennessee shut the school down in 1961 because of its involvement in the Civil Rights Movement, Horton reincorporated the school as the Highlander Research and Education Center and remained its director until 1973. Horton was in the photo that appeared on billboards throughout the South with the label "Martin Luther King at Communist Training School."

Associated Archive Content : 9 results

A Look To The Future

For the twenty-fifth anniversary of the Highlander Folk School, Dr. King delivers the speech "A Look To The Future." He uses a timeline to explain the adversities African Americans endured to gain recognition as American citizens. He also points out the efforts of the Ku Klux Klan and the White Citizens Councils to make African Americans second class citizens. Lastly, Dr. King points out that America should be more maladjusted in order to avoid failing to cope with the demands of the normal social environment.

Anonymous Postcard to MLK

Postcard has a photo entitled "Training Schools for Communists". American Opinion claims the photo was taken at the Highlander Folk School over Labor Day weekend 1957. Dr. King is depicted as one the attendees. Postcard was stamped with an Abraham Lincoln postage stamp (One of the guiding forces to Dr. King and his efforts)

Highlander Folk School April 1961 News Release

The Citizen Education Program efforts and past accomplishments are outlined in this document.

Letter from Myles Horton to Friends of Highlander

Myles Horton, the co-founder of the Highlander Research and Education Center, explains that he has been working on a program for the Appalachian area. He also mentions that the Center sponsors voter registration, political education programs and a series of workshops to help Negro candidates run for local and state offices.

Martin Luther King....At Communist Training School

This advertisement printed in the Augusta Courier accuses Dr. King and several constituents of communist involvement.

MLK at a Communist Training School

This document depicts prominent civil rights and political leaders allegedly at a communist training school. This anti-King document asks the question, "what kind of American are you?"

Poor People's Campaign News

This newsletter shares details regarding the end of a historic meeting of American minority group leaders who declared unanimous support for the Poor People's Campaign in Washington, D.C. The names of organizations and leaders pledging their support are also included.

Refinement by Fire

R. Elizabeth Johns describes the events surrounding voter registration in the South and tactics used by civil rights and opposition leaders.

Refinement By Fire

This brochure provides an overview of the SCLC Citizenship Education Program held at the Dorchester Community Center in Georgia.