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Gandhi, Mahatma

b. 1869 - d. 1948

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, born in Gujarat in India, studied law in London. In 1893 he went to South Africa to serve as legal advisor to an Indian businessman. After experiencing the indignity of racial pass laws and the denial of political rights to Indians, he developed the practice of nonviolent resistance known as satyagraha. Returning to India in 1915, he was active in the pro-independence Indian National Congress Party, opposed the caste system, advocated Hindu-Muslim unity and promoted a constructive program of social reform. His 1930 Salt March defying the British monopoly on salt brought him international acclaim. With civil disobedience campaigns, boycotts of British goods and institutions and long fasts against violence, Gandhi led the nonviolent struggle to free India from British rule, inspiring Dr. King and freedom movements around the world. He was killed by a Hindu fanatic on January 30, 1948; the anniversary is observed as a national memorial day in India.

Associated Archive Content : 94 results

Transcript: Press Conference USA

Robert Lodge questions Dr. King about the future and past of the Civil Rights Movement during a Press Conference USA recording.

U.S. News and World Report: Is Insurrection Brewing in U.S.?

This article in the U.S. News and World Report features an interview with Richard H. Sanger, known for his experience in the United States Foreign Service and his abilities to recognize the patterns of political violence.

War and Pacifism

Dr. King examines War and Pacifism. He determines that absolute pacifism is not acceptable, but neither is war. He cites several different philosophies of pacifism and nonviolence set forth by such figures as Nels Ferre, John H. Hallowell, A. J. Muste and Mahatma Gandhi.

Youth, Nonviolence, and Social Change

The conference on "Youth, Nonviolence, and Social Change" at Howard University contains various speakers deriving from various academic disciplines. Dr. King participated in the lecture and discussed how nonviolent methods impacted individuals, especially the youth.