The Role of the Church

Pages

Abstract

Dr. King expresses how ineffective the Emancipation Proclamation has truly been on the Civil Rights Movement.

Digital Archive brought to you
by JPMorgan Chase & Co.

The Role of the Church
Transcripts & Translations
English

Transcript

Page 1 [Inserted Text in Margin: Commission; MS: illegible] [Crossed Out: separated it fro the animal whose biological functions and anatomical features resemble aspects of the human species] [Inserted Above Text: First Paragraph Second Sentence: distinguishes man from the lower animals] [Crossed Out: today to honor] [Inserted Above Text: Second Paragraph Second Sentence to honor tonight,] [Underlined: Inequality] [Crossed Out: liberty and] [Crossed Out: were] [Inserted Above Text: Third Paragraph First Sentence: was] [Crossed Out: that he, himself, could not create a society which could last if it alienated freedom] Page 2 [Crossed Out: from man] [Crossed Out: using] [Inserted Above Text: First Paragraph Second Sentence: It was a constructive use of] [Crossed Out: The principle of equality on which the nation was founded had to be reaffirmed in the flames of a scorching war until rededication to liberty was once again recorded in the Emancipation Proclamation] [Crossed Out: could] [Inserted Above Text: Second Paragraph First Sentence: would] [Crossed Out: might end] [Inserted Above Text: Second Paragraph First Sentence: ended] [Crossed Out: these documents were each to live lives of stormy contradictions, both observed and violated through social upheavals and spiritual disasters] [Inserted Above Text: Second Paragraph Second Sentence: America has been a schizophrenic personality where these two document[s] are concerned. On the one hand she has proudly professed the basic principals inherent in the documents; on the other hand, she has sadly practiced the antithesis of these principles. As a result of this, these documents have been forced to live lives of a stormy contradiction. [Inserted Text: Third Paragraph Second Sentence: t] Page 3 [Crossed Out: expunged] [Inserted Above Text: First Paragraph Second Sentence: changed] Page 4 [Crossed Out Text: in every year of our experience. Still] [Inserted Text: First Paragraph Second Sentence: T] [Inserted Above Text: First Paragraph Second Sentence: still] [Crossed Out: Only the undeveloped or primitive nations of the world tolerate regions which are similar, in which feudal autocrats or military governors have supremacy over the Federal power. It is a condition unknown to modern industrial societies except for our own. This is the source of the scorn expressed by African and Asian states when we lecture them on government while our own suffers from a glaring defect of sovereignty.] Page 5 [Crossed Out: tragic though it is, standing by itself] [Crossed Out: no] [Inserted Over Text: First Paragraph Ninth Sentence: few] [Crossed Out: its high income stratum are more often entertainers, boxers and gamblers than professionals, artists or figures in commerce and industry]. [Inserted Above Text: First Paragraph Eleventh Sentence: of Negroes] Page 7 [Inserted Above Text: First Paragraph First Sentence: that] [Inserted Text: First Paragraph Third Sentence: three] [Inserted Text: First Paragraph Third Sentence: 3] [Crossed Out: bombed on] [Crossed Out: be shot down in the streets] [Inserted Text: First Paragraph Fourth Sentence: be apprehended immediately] [Crossed Out: not] [Inserted Above Text: First Paragraph Fifth Sentence: not] Page 8 [Crossed Out: It forced a change in which the area of maneuver enemies of the Constitution might deploy [Inserted Over Text: First Paragraph Third Sentence: employ] was limited] [Crossed Out: immorality of slavery degraded the white master with the Negro.] [Inserted Above Text: Third Paragraph Second Sentence: festering sore of slavey debilitated the white master as well as the Negro] Page 9 [Inserted Text: First Paragraph Second Sentence: and] [Crossed Out: murderer of women and babies, and Lincoln the Fiend] [Inserted Above Text: First Paragraph Seventh Sentence: in order] Page 10 [Crossed Out: It is significant in this connection that all of our efforts from the Reconstruction onward to this morning's daily paper, the reporting and historical interpretation of our actions suffer the grossest corruption of truth. American historiography itself has been a victim of the unresolved race question and is yet to be purged of error if it is to be scientific history. The world significance of the Emancipation Proclamation was colorfully described by another great American, Frederick] Page 11 [Crossed Out: Douglas, in these words, "It recognizes and declares the real nature of the contest and places the North on the side of justice and civilization, and the rebels on the side of robbery and barbarism......Unquestionably the first of January, 1963, is to be the most memorable day in American Annals. The Fourth of July was great, but the First of January, when we consider its relations and bearings, is incomparably greater. The one had respect to the mere political birth of a nation; the last concerns the national life and character and is to determine whether that life and character and is to determine whether that life and character shall be radiantly glorious with all high noble virtues, or infamously blackened forevermore.] [Inserted Above Text: Fourth Paragraph Third Sentence: The shape of the world today does not permit us the [MS: illegible] Page 12 [Inserted Text: First Paragraph Second Sentence: ,] [Inserted Text: First Paragraph Second Sentence: ,] [Inserted Text: First Paragraph Second Sentence: ,] [Crossed Out: Our declarations that we are making progress in race relations ring with pathetic emptiness in their ears.] [Crossed Out: Ghana] [Inserted Text: First Paragraph Fourth Sentence: ,] [Crossed Out: states which contain almost a billion humans] [Inserted Text: First Paragraph Fifth Sentence: surrounded] [Inserted Text: First Paragraph Fifth Sentence: s] [Inserted Text: First Paragraph Sixth Sentence: some of] [Inserted Text: First Paragraph Eighth Sentence: in] [Inserted Text: First Paragraph Eighth Sentence: like] Page 13 [Crossed Out: scabrous prejudice] [Inserted Above Text: racial injustice] [Inserted Text: First Paragraph Fourth Sentence: While stressing the damage that racial injustice does to an image, there is a more basic reason why we must get rid of it] Page 14 [Crossed Out: and many have even in month just past] [Crossed Out: then] [Inserted Above Text: W] [Inserted Above Text: startling?] [Crossed Out: I would like to close with some words from William Lloyd Garrison with which I associate myself, "I am aware that many objects to the severity of my language; but is there no cause for severity? I will be as harsh as truth, and as uncompromising as justice. On this subject I do not wish to think or speak or write with moderation. No, no! Tell a man whose house is on fire to give a [Underlined: moderate] alarm; tell him to [Underlined: moderately] rescue his wife from the hands of the ravisher; tell the mother to [Underlined: gradually] extricate her babe from the fire into which it has fallen; but urge me not to use moderation in a cause like the present."]
View Tags